程天海等:Effects of atmospheric water on the optical properties of soot aerosols with different mixing states
被阅读 1132 次
2014-09-19

Effects of atmospheric water on the optical properties of soot aerosols with different mixing states
作者:Cheng, TH (Cheng, Tianhai)[ 1 ] ; Gu, XF (Gu, Xingfa)[ 1 ] ; Wu, Y (Wu, Yu)[ 1 ] ; Chen, H (Chen, Hao)[ 1 ]
JOURNAL OF QUANTITATIVE SPECTROSCOPY & RADIATIVE TRANSFER
卷: 147  页: 196-206
DOI: 10.1016/j.jqsrt.2014.06.002
出版年: NOV 2014

摘要
Soot aerosols have become the second most important contributor to global warming after carbon dioxide in terms of direct forcing, which is the dominant absorber of visible solar radiation. The optical properties of soot aerosols depend strongly on the mixing mechanism of black carbon with other aerosol components and its hygroscopic properties. In this study, the effects of atmospheric water on the optical properties of soot aerosols have been investigated using a superposition T-matrix method that accounts for the mixing mechanism of soot aerosols with atmospheric water. The dramatic changes in the optical properties of soot aerosols were attributed to its different mixing states with atmospheric water (externally mixed, semi-embedded mixed, and internally mixed). Increased absorption is accompanied by a larger increase in scattering, which is reflected by the increased single scattering albedo. The asymmetry parameter also increased when increasing the atmospheric water content Moreover, atmospheric water intensified the radiative absorption enhancement attributed to the mixing states of the soot aerosols, with values ranging from 1.5 to 2.5 on average at 0.870 mu m. The increased absorption and scattering ability of soot aerosols, which is attributed to atmospheric water, exerted an opposing effect on climate change. These findings should improve our understanding of the effects of atmospheric water on the optical properties of soot aerosols and their effects on climate. The mixing mechanism for soot aerosols and atmospheric water is important when evaluating the climate effects of soot aerosols, which should be explicitly considered in radiative forcing models. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

通讯作者地址: Cheng, TH (通讯作者)
Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Remote Sensing & Digital Earth, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
地址:
[ 1 ] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Remote Sensing & Digital Earth, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China