吴凯等:Enhanced Monocular Visual Odometry Integrated with Laser Distance Meter for Astronaut Navigation
被阅读 1415 次
2014-08-22

Enhanced Monocular Visual Odometry Integrated with Laser Distance Meter for Astronaut Navigation
作者:Wu, K (Wu, Kai)[ 1 ] ; Di, KC (Di, Kaichang)[ 1 ] ; Sun, X (Sun, Xun)[ 2 ] ; Wan, WH (Wan, Wenhui)[ 1 ] ; Liu, ZQ (Liu, Zhaoqin)[ 1 ]
SENSORS
卷: 14  期: 3  页: 4981-5003
DOI: 10.3390/s140304981
出版年: MAR 2014

摘要
Visual odometry provides astronauts with accurate knowledge of their position and orientation. Wearable astronaut navigation systems should be simple and compact. Therefore, monocular vision methods are preferred over stereo vision systems, commonly used in mobile robots. However, the projective nature of monocular visual odometry causes a scale ambiguity problem. In this paper, we focus on the integration of a monocular camera with a laser distance meter to solve this problem. The most remarkable advantage of the system is its ability to recover a global trajectory for monocular image sequences by incorporating direct distance measurements. First, we propose a robust and easy-to-use extrinsic calibration method between camera and laser distance meter. Second, we present a navigation scheme that fuses distance measurements with monocular sequences to correct the scale drift. In particular, we explain in detail how to match the projection of the invisible laser pointer on other frames. Our proposed integration architecture is examined using a live dataset collected in a simulated lunar surface environment. The experimental results demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed method.

通讯作者地址: Di, KC (通讯作者)
Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Remote Sensing & Digital Earth, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing 100000, Peoples R China.
地址:
[ 1 ] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Remote Sensing & Digital Earth, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing 100000, Peoples R China
[ 2 ] Henan Univ, Comp & Informat Engn Coll, Kaifeng 475000, Peoples R China