王显威等:Freeboard and mass extraction of the disintegrated Mertz Ice Tongue with remote sensing and altimetry data
被阅读 2021 次
2014-05-05

 Freeboard and mass extraction of the disintegrated Mertz Ice Tongue with remote sensing and altimetry data
作者:Wang, XW (Wang, Xianwei)[ 1,2,3,4 ] ; Cheng, X (Cheng, Xiao)[ 1,2 ] ; Gong, P (Gong, Peng)[ 5,6,7 ] ; Shum, CK (Shum, C. K.)[ 1,2,4 ] ; Holland, DM (Holland, David M.)[ 3 ] ; Li, XW (Li, Xiaowen)[ 1,2 ]
REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT
卷: 144  页: 1-10
DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2014.01.002
出版年: MAR 25 2014

摘要
In February 2010, the Mertz Ice Tongue (MIT) collapsed and generated a giant iceberg. However, parameters about this iceberg have not been calculated and published in detail. In this study, the freeboard map of this iceberg was generated for the first time using a time-series ICESat/GLAS data. Methods for producing the freeboard map of this iceberg are suggested. Field data for ice velocity were used to relocate the footprints collected by different campaigns. Cross-validation was conducted with freeboards extracted from crossovers observed within 30 days of each other. The precision of the freeboard extraction is approximately +/- 0.50 m, when taking one standard deviation as the precision. The freeboard varied from 23 m to 59 m with the mean of 41 m. With assumption of hydrostatic equilibrium (assuming a snow layer, depth of 1 m, a snow density of 360 kg/m(3), an ice density of 915 kg/m(3) and a sea water density of 1024 kg/m(3)), the minimum, maximum and average ice thickness were calculated as 210 m, 550 m and 383 m respectively. The total ice loss is approximately 8.96 x 10(11) tons over an area, 34 km in width and 75 km in length, or approximately 2560 +/- km(2). These parameters extracted from remote sensing and altimetry data will provide additional information for studies of the evolution of iceberg, especially in iceberg tracking system. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

通讯作者地址: Wang, XW (通讯作者)
Beijing Normal Univ, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China.
地址:
[ 1 ] Beijing Normal Univ, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
[ 2 ] Beijing Normal Univ, Coll Global Change & Earth Syst Sci, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
[ 3 ] New York Univ Abu Dhabi, Ctr Global Sea Level Change, Abu Dhabi, U Arab Emirates
[ 4 ] Ohio State Univ, Div Geodet Sci, Sch Earth Sci, Columbus, OH 43210 USA
[ 5 ] Tsinghua Univ, Minist Educ Lab, Key Lab Earth Syst Modeling, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China
[ 6 ] Tsinghua Univ, Ctr Earth Syst Sci, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China
[ 7 ] Univ Calif Berkeley, Dept Environm Sci Policy & Management, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA