黄华兵等:Mapping major land cover dynamics in Beijing using all Landsat images in Google Earth Engine
被阅读 278 次
2018-01-30
Mapping major land cover dynamics in Beijing using all Landsat images in Google Earth Engine
作者:Huang, HB (Huang, Huabing)[ 1 ] ; Chen, YL (Chen, Yanlei)[ 2 ] ; Clinton, N (Clinton, Nicholas)[ 3 ] ; Wang, J (Wang, Jie)[ 1 ] ; Wang, XY (Wang, Xiaoyi)[ 1 ] ; Liu, CX (Liu, Caixia)[ 1 ] ; Gong, P (Gong, Peng)[ 4 ] ; Yang, J (Yang, Jun)[ 4 ] ; Bai, YQ (Bai, Yuqi)[ 4 ] ; Zheng, YM (Zheng, Yaomin)[ 1 ]  ; Zhu, ZL (Zhu, Zhiliang)[ 5 ] 
REMOTE SENSING OF ENVIRONMENT
卷: 202  页: 166-176
DOI: 10.1016/j.rse.2017.02.021
出版年: DEC 1 2017
 
摘要
Land cover in Beijing experienced a dramatic change due to intensive human activities, such as urbanization and afforestation. However, the spatial patterns of the dynamics are still unknown. The archived Landsat images provide an unprecedented opportunity to detect land cover changes over the past three decades. In this study, we used the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) trajectory to detect major land cover dynamics in Beijing. Then, we classified the land cover types in 2015 with the Google Earth Engine (GEE) cloud calculation. By overlaying the latest land cover types and the spatial distribution of land cover dynamics, we determined the main types where a land cover change occurred. The overall change detection accuracy for three types (vegetation loss associated with negative change in NDVI, vegetation gain associated with positive change in NDVI, and no changes) is 86.13%. We found that the GEE is a fast and powerful tool for land cover mapping, and we obtained a classification map with an overall accuracy of 86.61%. Over the past 30 years, 1402.28 km(2) of land was with vegetation loss and 109038 km(2) of land was revegetated in Beijing. The spatial pattern of vegetation loss and vegetation gain shows significant differences in different zones from the center of the city. We also found that 1162.71 km(2) of land was converted to urban and built-up, whereas 918.36 km(2) of land was revegetated to cropland, shrub land, forest, and grassland. Moreover, 202.67 km(2) and 156.75 km(2) of the land was transformed to forest and shrub land in the plain of Beijing that were traditionally used for cropland and housing. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
 
通讯作者地址: Huang, HB (通讯作者)
Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Remote Sensing & Digital Earth, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
地址:
[ 1 ] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Remote Sensing & Digital Earth, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
[ 2 ] Univ Calif Berkeley, Dept Environm Sci Policy & Management, Berkeley, CA 94720 USA
[ 3 ] Google Earth Engine, Mountain View, CA 94043 USA
[ 4 ] Tsinghua Univ, Dept Earth Syst Sci, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China
[ 5 ] US Geol Survey, Reston, VA 20192 USA