张新等:Three-Dimensional Modeling and Indoor Positioning for Urban Emergency Response
被阅读 249 次
2017-09-20
Three-Dimensional Modeling and Indoor Positioning for Urban Emergency Response
作者:Zhang, X (Zhang, Xin)[ 1 ] ; Chen, YX (Chen, Yongxin)[ 1,2 ] ; Yu, LJ (Yu, Linjun)[ 1 ] ; Wang, WS (Wang, Weisheng)[ 3 ] ; Wu, QY (Wu, Qianyu)[ 1,2 ]
ISPRS INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF GEO-INFORMATION
卷: 6  期: 7
文献号: 214
DOI: 10.3390/ijgi6070214
出版年: JUL 2017
 
摘要
Three-dimensional modeling of building environments and indoor positioning is essential for emergency response in cities. Traditional ground-based measurement methods, such as geodetic astronomy, total stations, and global positioning system (GPS) receivers, cannot meet the demand for high precision positioning and it is therefore essential to conduct multiple-angle data-acquisition and establish three-dimensional spatial models. In this paper, a rapid modeling technology is introduced, which includes multiple-angle remote sensing image acquisition based on unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), an algorithm to remove linear and planar foregrounds before reconstructing the backgrounds, and a three-dimensional modeling (3DM) framework. Additionally, an indoor 3DM technology is introduced based on building design drawings, and an indoor positioning technology is developed using iBeacon technology. Finally, a prototype system of the indoor and outdoor positioning-service system in an urban firefighting rescue scenario is introduced to demonstrate the value of the method proposed in this paper.
 
通讯作者地址: Chen, YX (通讯作者)
Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Remote Sensing & Digital Earth, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
通讯作者地址: Chen, YX (通讯作者)
Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China.
地址:
[ 1 ] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Remote Sensing & Digital Earth, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
[ 2 ] Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
[ 3 ] Chinese Acad Sci, Xinjiang Inst Ecol & Geog, 818 South Beijing Rd, Urumqi 830011, Peoples R China