吴晓旭等:Impact of climate change on human infectious diseases: Empirical evidence and human adaptation
被阅读 1523 次
2016-05-04
Impact of climate change on human infectious diseases: Empirical evidence and human adaptation
作者:Wu, XX (Wu, Xiaoxu)[ 1 ] ; Lu, YM (Lu, Yongmei)[ 2 ] ; Zhou, S (Zhou, Sen)[ 3 ] ; Chen, LF (Chen, Lifan)[ 1 ] ; Xu, B (Xu, Bing)[ 1,3,4 ]
ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL
卷: 86  页: 14-23
DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2015.09.007
出版年: JAN 2016
 
摘要
Climate change refers to long-term shifts in weather conditions and patterns of extreme weather events. It may lead to changes in health threat to human beings, multiplying existing health problems. This review examines the scientific evidences on the impact of climate change on human infectious diseases. It identifies research progress and gaps on how human society may respond to, adapt to, and prepare for the related changes. Based on a survey of related publications between 1990 and 2015, the terms used for literature selection reflect three aspects the components of infectious diseases, climate variables, and selected infectious diseases. Humans' vulnerability to the potential health impacts by climate change is evident in literature. As an active agent, human beings may control the related health effects that may be effectively controlled through adopting proactive measures, including better understanding of the climate change patterns and of the compound disease-specific health effects, and effective allocation of technologies and resources to promote healthy lifestyles and public awareness. The following adaptation measures are recommended: 1) to go beyond empirical observations of the association between climate change and infectious diseases and develop more scientific explanations, 2) to improve the prediction of spatial-temporal process of climate change and the associated shifts in infectious diseases at various spatial and temporal scales, and 3) to establish locally effective early warning systems for the health effects of predicated climate change. (C) 2015 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
 
通讯作者地址: Lu, YM; Xu, B (通讯作者)
Beijing Normal Univ, Coll Global Change & Earth Syst Sci, Xinjiekouwai 19, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China.
地址:
[ 1 ] Beijing Normal Univ, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Coll Global Change & Earth Syst Sci, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
[ 2 ] SW Texas State Univ, Dept Geog, San Marcos, TX 78666 USA
[ 3 ] Tsinghua Univ, Ctr Earth Syst Sci, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China
[ 4 ] Univ Utah, Dept Geog, Salt Lake City, UT 84112 USA