黄妮等:Remote sensing-based estimation of annual soil respiration at two contrasting forest sites
被阅读 1219 次
2016-03-15
Remote sensing-based estimation of annual soil respiration at two contrasting forest sites
作者:Huang, N (Huang, Ni)[ 1 ] ; Gu, LH (Gu, Lianhong)[ 2,3 ] ; Black, TA (Black, T. Andrew)[ 4 ] ; Wang, L (Wang, Li)[ 1 ] ; Niu, Z (Niu, Zheng)[ 1 ]
JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-BIOGEOSCIENCES
卷: 120  期: 11  页: 2306-2325
DOI: 10.1002/2015JG003060
出版年: NOV 2015
 
摘要
Soil respiration (R-s), an important component of the global carbon cycle, can be estimated using remotely sensed data, but the accuracy of this technique has not been thoroughly investigated. In this study, we proposed a methodology for the remote estimation of annual R-s at two contrasting FLUXNET forest sites (a deciduous broadleaf forest and an evergreen needleleaf forest). A version of the Akaike's information criterion was used to select the best model from a range of models for annual R-s estimation based on the remotely sensed data products from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer and root-zone soil moisture product derived from assimilation of the NASA Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer soil moisture products and a two-layer Palmer water balance model. We found that the Arrhenius-type function based on nighttime land surface temperature (LST-night) was the best model by comprehensively considering the model explanatory power and model complexity at the Missouri Ozark and BC-Campbell River 1949 Douglas-fir sites. In addition, a multicollinearity problem among LST-night, root-zone soil moisture, and plant photosynthesis factor was effectively avoided by selecting the LST-night-drivenmodel. Cross validation showed that temporal variation in R-s was captured by the LST-night-driven model with a mean absolute error below 1 mu mol CO2 m(-2) s(-1) at both forest sites. An obvious overestimation that occurred in 2005 and 2007 at the Missouri Ozark site reduced the evaluation accuracy of cross validation because of summer drought. However, no significant difference was found between the Arrhenius-type function driven by LST-night and the function considering LST-night and root-zone soil moisture. This finding indicated that the contribution of soil moisture to R-s was relatively small at our multiyear data set. To predict intersite R-s, maximum leaf area index (LAI(max)) was used as an upscaling factor to calibrate the site-specific reference respiration rates. Independent validation demonstrated that the model incorporating LST-night and LAI(max) efficiently predicted the spatial and temporal variabilities of R-s. Based on the Arrhenius-type function using LST-night as an input parameter, the rates of annual C release from R-s were 894-1027 g Cm-2 yr(-1) at the BC-Campbell River 1949 Douglas-fir site and 818-943 g Cm-2 yr(-1) at the Missouri Ozark site. The ratio between annual R-s estimates based on remotely sensed data and the total annual ecosystem respiration from eddy covariance measurements fell within the range reported in previous studies. Our results demonstrated that estimating annual R-s based on remote sensing data products was possible at deciduous and evergreen forest sites.
 
通讯作者地址: Wang, L (通讯作者)
Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Remote Sensing & Digital Earth, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China.
地址:
[ 1 ] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Remote Sensing & Digital Earth, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
[ 2 ] Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Div Environm Sci, Oak Ridge, TN USA
[ 3 ] Oak Ridge Natl Lab, Climate Change Sci Inst, Oak Ridge, TN USA
[ 4 ] Univ British Columbia, Fac Land & Food Syst, Biometeorol & Soil Phys Grp, Vancouver, BC V5Z 1M9, Canada