柴琳娜等:An Investigation Into the Feasibility of Using Passive Microwave Remote Sensing to Monitor Freeze/Thaw Erosion in China
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2016-03-15
An Investigation Into the Feasibility of Using Passive Microwave Remote Sensing to Monitor Freeze/Thaw Erosion in China
作者:Chai, LN (Chai, Linna)[ 1,2 ] ; Zhang, LX (Zhang, Lixin)[ 1,2 ] ; Lv, XR (Lv, Xiaoran)[ 1,2 ] ; Hao, ZG (Hao, Zhenguo)[ 3 ] ; Liu, SZ (Liu, Shuzhen)[ 4 ]
IEEE JOURNAL OF SELECTED TOPICS IN APPLIED EARTH OBSERVATIONS AND REMOTE SENSING
卷: 8  期: 9  页: 4460-4469  特刊: SI
DOI: 10.1109/JSTARS.2014.2348652
出版年: SEP 2015
 
摘要
Freeze/thaw erosion is the third largest soil erosion type, after water erosion and wind erosion and is a serious threat to agricultural land and various structures, especially those used in water projects. In this paper, an investigation into the feasibility of using passive microwave remote sensing to monitor freeze/thaw erosion area and intensity in China is presented. At the core of the method are two important indices: average annual cumulative frozen days and average daily normalized phase change water. The relationships between the first index and erosion area and between the second index and erosion intensity were explored. The results show that the index of average annual cumulative frozen days can distinguish freeze/thaw erosion areas from nonfreeze/thaw erosion areas if an appropriate threshold is selected and that the index of average daily normalized phase change water is correlated with the freeze/thaw erosion intensity, which can be described using a logarithmic function. Finally, the freeze/thaw erosion area and intensity obtained from passive microwave remote sensing were compared with a grading thematic map of freeze/thaw erosion obtained in the First National Census for Water sponsored by the Ministry of Water Resources of China. The results agree with the grading thematic map of the freeze/thaw erosion intensity in China. The results also demonstrate that passive microwave remote sensing has the potential to monitor freeze/thaw erosion, and it is feasible to use the two indices to determine freeze/thaw erosion area and intensity.
 
通讯作者地址: Chai, LN (通讯作者)
Beijing Normal Univ, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China.
地址:
[ 1 ] Beijing Normal Univ, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
[ 2 ] Beijing Normal Univ, Sch Geog & Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
[ 3 ] Chinese Acad Surveying & Mapping, Natl Calibrat Ctr Electroopt Distance Meter, Beijing 100039, Peoples R China
[ 4 ] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Mt Hazards & Environm, Chengdu 610041, Peoples R China