尚华哲等:Impact of cloud horizontal inhomogeneity and directional sampling on the retrieval of cloud droplet size by the POLDER instrument
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2016-01-08
Impact of cloud horizontal inhomogeneity and directional sampling on the retrieval of cloud droplet size by the POLDER instrument
作者:Shang, H (Shang, H.)[ 1,2 ] ; Chen, L (Chen, L.)[ 1 ] ; Breon, FM (Breon, F. M.)[ 3 ] ; Letu, H (Letu, H.)[ 1,4 ] ; Li, S (Li, S.)[ 1 ] ; Wang, Z (Wang, Z.)[ 5 ] ; Su, L (Su, L.)[ 1 ]
ATMOSPHERIC MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES
卷: 8  期: 11  页: 4931-4945
DOI: 10.5194/amt-8-4931-2015
出版年: 2015
 
摘要
The principles of cloud droplet size retrieval via Polarization and Directionality of the Earth's Reflectance (POLDER) requires that clouds be horizontally homogeneous. The retrieval is performed by combining all measurements from an area of 150 km x 150 km to compensate for POLDER's insufficient directional sampling. Using POLDER-like data simulated with the RT3 model, we investigate the impact of cloud horizontal inhomogeneity and directional sampling on the retrieval and analyze which spatial resolution is potentially accessible from the measurements. Case studies show that the sub-grid-scale variability in droplet effective radius (CDR) can significantly reduce valid retrievals and introduce small biases to the CDR (similar to 1.5 mu m) and effective variance (EV) estimates. Nevertheless, the sub-grid-scale variations in EV and cloud optical thickness (COT) only influence the EV retrievals and not the CDR estimate. In the directional sampling cases studied, the retrieval using limited observations is accurate and is largely free of random noise. Several improvements have been made to the original POLDER droplet size retrieval. For example, measurements in the primary rainbow region (137-145 degrees) are used to ensure retrievals of large droplet (> 15 mu m) and to reduce the uncertainties caused by cloud heterogeneity. We apply the improved method using the POLDER global L1B data from June 2008, and the new CDR results are compared with the operational CDRs. The comparison shows that the operational CDRs tend to be underestimated for large droplets because the cloudbow oscillations in the scattering angle region of 145-165 degrees are weak for cloud fields with CDR > 15 mu m. Finally, a sub-grid-scale retrieval case demonstrates that a higher resolution, e.g., 42 km x 42 km, can be used when inverting cloud droplet size distribution parameters from POLDER measurements.
 
通讯作者地址: Chen, L (通讯作者)
Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Remote Sensing & Digital Earth, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China.
地址:
[ 1 ] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Remote Sensing & Digital Earth, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
[ 2 ] Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Coll Resources & Environm, Beijing, Peoples R China
[ 3 ] UVSQ, CEA, CNRS, UMR,Lab Sci Climat & Environm, Gif Sur Yvette, France
[ 4 ] Tokai Univ, Res & Informat Ctr, Tokyo 151, Japan
[ 5 ] Minist Environm Protect, Satellite Environm Ctr, Beijing, Peoples R China