冯泉龙等:Flood Mapping Based on Multiple Endmember Spectral Mixture Analysis and Random Forest Classifier-The Case of Yuyao, China
被阅读 1277 次
2015-12-11
Flood Mapping Based on Multiple Endmember Spectral Mixture Analysis and Random Forest Classifier-The Case of Yuyao, China
作者:Feng, QL (Feng, Quanlong)[ 1 ] ; Gong, JH (Gong, Jianhua)[ 1,2 ] ; Liu, JT (Liu, Jiantao)[ 1 ] ; Li, Y (Li, Yi)[ 1 ]
REMOTE SENSING
卷: 7  期: 9  页: 12539-12562
DOI: 10.3390/rs70912539
出版年: SEP 2015
 
摘要
Remote sensing is recognized as a valuable tool for flood mapping due to its synoptic view and continuous coverage of the flooding event. This paper proposed a hybrid approach based on multiple endmember spectral analysis (MESMA) and Random Forest classifier to extract inundated areas in Yuyao City in China using medium resolution optical imagery. MESMA was adopted to tackle the mixing pixel problem induced by medium resolution data. Specifically, 35 optimal endmembers were selected to construct a total of 3111 models in the MESMA procedure to derive accurate fraction information. A multi-dimensional feature space was constructed including the normalized difference water index (NDWI), topographical parameters of height, slope, and aspect together with the fraction maps. A Random Forest classifier consisting of 200 decision trees was adopted to classify the post-flood image based on the above multi-features. Experimental results indicated that the proposed method can extract the inundated areas precisely with a classification accuracy of 94% and a Kappa index of 0.88. The inclusion of fraction information can help improve the mapping accuracy with an increase of 2.5%. Moreover, the proposed method also outperformed the maximum likelihood classifier and the NDWI thresholding method. This research provided a useful reference for flood mapping using medium resolution optical remote sensing imagery.
 
通讯作者地址: Li, Y (通讯作者)
Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Remote Sensing & Digital Earth, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, 20 Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
地址:
[ 1 ] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Remote Sensing & Digital Earth, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
[ 2 ] Zhejiang CAS Applicat Ctr Geoinformat, Jiashan 314100, Peoples R China