屈永华等:Retrieval of Copper Pollution Information from Hyperspectral Satellite Data in a Vegetation Cover Mining Area
被阅读 961 次
2015-12-11
Retrieval of Copper Pollution Information from Hyperspectral Satellite Data in a Vegetation Cover Mining Area
作者:Qu, YH (Qu Yong-hua)[ 1 ] ; Jiao, SH (Jiao Si-hong)[ 2 ] ; Liu, SH (Liu Su-hong)[ 1 ] ; Zhu, YQ (Zhu Ye-qing)[ 1 ]
SPECTROSCOPY AND SPECTRAL ANALYSIS
卷: 35  期: 11  页: 3176-3181
DOI: 10.3964/j.issn.1000-0593(2015)11-3176-06
出版年: NOV 2015
 
摘要
Heavy metal mining activities have caused the complex influence on the ecological environment of the mining regions. For example, a large amount of acidic waste water containing heavy metal ions have be produced in the process of copper mining which can bring serious pollution to the ecological environment of the region. In the previous research work, bare soil is mainly taken as the research target when monitoring environmental pollution, and thus the effects of land surface vegetation have been ignored. It is well known that vegetation condition is one of the most important indictors to reflect the ecological change in a certain region and there is a significant linkage between the vegetation spectral characteristics and the heavy metal when the vegetation is effected by the heavy metal pollution. It means the vegetation is sensitive to heavy metal pollution by their physiological behaviors in response to the physiological ecology change of their growing environment. The conventional methods, which often rely on large amounts of field survey data and laboratorial chemical analysis, are time consuming and costing a lot of material resources. The spectrum analysis method using remote sensing technology can acquire the information of the heavy mental content in the vegetation without touching it. However, the retrieval of that information from the hyperspectral data is not an easy job due to the difficulty in figuring out the specific band, which is sensitive to the specific heavy metal, from a huge number of hyperspectral bands. Thus the selection of the sensitive band is the key of the spectrum analysis method. This paper proposed a statistical analysis method to find the feature band sensitive to heavy metal ion from the hyperspectral data and to then retrieve the metal content using the field survey data and the hyperspectral images from China Environment Satellite HJ-1. This method selected copper ion content in the leaves as the indicator of copper pollution level, using stepwise multiple linear regression and cross validation on the dataset which is consisting of 44 groups of copper ion content information in the polluted vegetation leaves from Dexing Copper Mine in Jiangxi Province to build up a statistical model by also incorporating the HJ-1 satellite images. This model was then used to estimate the copper content distribution over the whole research area at Dexing Copper Mine. The result has shown that there is strong statistical significance of the model which revealed the most sensitive waveband to copper ion is located at 516 nm. The distribution map illustrated that the copper ion content is generally in the range of 0 similar to 130 mg . kg(-1) in the vegetation covering area at Dexing Copper Mine and the most seriously polluted area is located at the South-east corner of Dexing City as well as the mining spots with a higher value between 80 and 100 mg . kg(-1). This result is consistent with the ground observation experiment data. The distribution map can certainly provide some important basic data on the copper pollution monitoring and treatment.
 
通讯作者地址: Qu, YH (通讯作者)
Beijing Normal Univ, Sch Geog, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing Key Lab Remote Sensing Environm & Digital, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China.
地址:
[ 1 ] Beijing Normal Univ, Sch Geog, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing Key Lab Remote Sensing Environm & Digital, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
[ 2 ] Beijing Polytech Coll, Sch Architecture, Beijing 100042, Peoples R China