陈晓娜等Observed contrast changes in snow cover phenology in northern middle and high latitudes from 2001-2014
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2015-12-11
Observed contrast changes in snow cover phenology in northern middle and high latitudes from 2001-2014
作者:Chen, XN (Chen, Xiaona)[ 1,2 ] ; Liang, SL (Liang, Shunlin)[ 1,2 ] ; Cao, YF (Cao, Yunfeng)[ 1,2 ] ; He, T (He, Tao)[ 2 ] ; Wang, DD (Wang, Dongdong)[ 2 ]
SCIENTIFIC REPORTS
卷: 5
文献号: 16820
DOI: 10.1038/srep16820
出版年: NOV 19 2015
 
摘要
Quantifying and attributing the phenological changes in snow cover are essential for meteorological, hydrological, ecological, and societal implications. However, snow cover phenology changes have not been well documented. Evidence from multiple satellite and reanalysis data from 2001 to 2014 points out that the snow end date (D-e) advanced by 5.11 (+/- 2.20) days in northern high latitudes (52-75 degrees N) and was delayed by 3.28 (+/- 2.59) days in northern mid-latitudes (32-52 degrees N) at the 90% confidence level. Dominated by changes in D-e, snow duration days (D-d) was shorter in duration by 5.57 (+/- 2.55) days in high latitudes and longer by 9.74 (+/- 2.58) days in mid-latitudes. Changes in D-e during the spring season were consistent with the spatiotemporal pattern of land surface albedo change. Decreased land surface temperature combined with increased precipitation in mid-latitudes and significantly increased land surface temperature in high latitudes, impacted by recent Pacific surface cooling, Arctic amplification and strengthening westerlies, result in contrasting changes in the Northern Hemisphere snow cover phenology. Changes in the snow cover phenology led to contrasting anomalies of snow radiative forcing, which is dominated by D-e and accounts for 51% of the total shortwave flux anomalies at the top of the atmosphere.
 
通讯作者地址: Liang, SL (通讯作者)
Beijing Normal Univ, Sch Geog, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China.
地址:
[ 1 ] Beijing Normal Univ, Sch Geog, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
[ 2 ] Univ Maryland, Dept Geog Sci, College Pk, MD 20742 USA