倪周亚等:Early Water Stress Detection Using Leaf-Level Measurements of Chlorophyll Fluorescence and Temperature Data
被阅读 959 次
2015-10-23
Early Water Stress Detection Using Leaf-Level Measurements of Chlorophyll Fluorescence and Temperature Data
作者:Ni, ZY (Ni, Zhuoya)[ 1,2 ] ; Liu, ZG (Liu, Zhigang)[ 1 ] ; Huo, HY (Huo, Hongyuan)[ 3 ] ; Li, ZL (Li, Zhao-Liang)[ 2,4 ] ; Nerry, F (Nerry, Francoise)[ 2 ] ; Wang, QS (Wang, Qingshan)[ 1 ] ; Li, XW (Li, Xiaowen)[ 1 ]
REMOTE SENSING
卷: 7  期: 3  页: 3232-3249
DOI: 10.3390/rs70303232
出版年: MAR 2015
 
摘要
The purpose of this paper was to investigate the early water stress in maize using leaf-level measurements of chlorophyll fluorescence and temperature. In this study, a series of diurnal measurements, such as leaf chlorophyll fluorescence (Fs), leaf spectrum, temperature and photosynthetically active radiation (PAR), were conducted for maize during gradient watering and filled watering experiments. Fraunhofer Line Discriminator methods (FLD and 3FLD) were used to obtain fluorescence from leaves spectrum. This simulated work using the SCOPE model demonstrated the variations in fluorescence and temperature in stress levels expressed by different stress factors. In the field measurement, the gradient experiment revealed that chlorophyll fluorescence decreased for plants with water stress relative to well-water plants and T-leaf-T-air increased; the filled watering experiment stated that chlorophyll fluorescence of maize under water stress were similar to those of maize under well-watering condition. In addition, the relationships between the Fs, retrieved fluorescence, T-leaf-T-air and water content were analyzed. The Fs determination resulted to the best coefficients of determination for the normalized retrieved fluorescence FLD/PAR (R-2 = 0.54), T-leaf-T-air (R-2 = 0.48) and water content (R-2 = 0.71). The normalized retrieved fluorescence yielded a good coefficient of determination for T-leaf-T-air (R-2 = 0.48). This study demonstrated that chlorophyll fluorescence could reflect variations in the physiological states of plants during early water stress, and leaf temperature confirmed the chlorophyll fluorescence analysis results and improved the accuracy of the water stress detection.
 
通讯作者地址: Liu, ZG (通讯作者)
Beijing Normal Univ, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Sch Geog, Beijing Key Lab Environm Remote Sensing & Digital, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China.
地址:
[ 1 ] Beijing Normal Univ, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Sch Geog, Beijing Key Lab Environm Remote Sensing & Digital, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
[ 2 ] Univ Strasbourg, CNRS, ICube, F-67412 Illkirch Graffenstaden, France
[ 3 ] Tianjin Normal Univ, Coll Urban & Environm Sci, Tianjin 300387, Peoples R China
[ 4 ] Chinese Acad Agr Sci, Key Lab Agriinformat, Minist Agr, Inst Agr Resources & Reg Planning, Beijing 100081, Peoples R China