高帅等:Height Extraction of Maize Using Airborne Full-Waveform LIDAR Data and a Deconvolution Algorithm
被阅读 922 次
2015-10-19
Height Extraction of Maize Using Airborne Full-Waveform LIDAR Data and a Deconvolution Algorithm
作者:Gao, S (Gao, Shuai)[ 1 ] ; Niu, Z (Niu, Zheng)[ 1 ] ; Sun, G (Sun, Gang); Zhao, D (Zhao, Dan)[ 2 ] ; Jia, K (Jia, Kun)[ 3 ] ; Qin, YC (Qin, Yuchu)[ 1 ]
IEEE GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING LETTERS
卷: 12  期: 9  页: 1978-1982
DOI: 10.1109/LGRS.2015.2441655
出版年: SEP 2015
 
摘要
Maize is a widely planted crop in China and in other areas of the world and plays an important role in grain production. Monitoring the growth status of maize using remote sensing technology is an important component of precision agriculture and height, as a crucial growth indicator for maize, can be retrieved from light detection and ranging (LIDAR) data. However, height extraction for crops, such as maize using airborne laser scanning point clouds results in a great number of uncertainties and challenges. Here, airborne full-waveform LIDAR data were used to extract maize height. In the first step, a workflow was designed based on the Gold deconvolution algorithm combined with a basic data process technique. The method was then tested and was determined to be effective for capturing the portion of the waveform interacting with the tops of vegetation, characterized by lower amplitude stemming from the ground. Therefore, the number of second returns from point clouds was dramatically increased. During the experiment, the number of point clouds increased nearly 50% for three of the four maize plots, as compared with the original point clouds. Compared with the commonly used Gaussian fitting algorithm, the deconvolution algorithm had the advantage of extracting an accurate position for overlapping weak signals. The height percentiles indicated that the original and Gaussian decomposition derived point clouds data underestimated and deconvolution algorithm can accurately reflect the true height of maize, particularly for the 75% and 95% height percentiles.
 
通讯作者地址: Gao, S (通讯作者)
Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Remote Sensing & Digital Earth, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China.
地址:
[ 1 ] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Remote Sensing & Digital Earth, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
[ 2 ] Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Remote Sensing & Digital Earth, Lab Digital Earth Sci, Beijing 100094, Peoples R China
[ 3 ] Beijing Normal Univ, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China