吴东海等:Time-lag effects of global vegetation responses to climate change
被阅读 1138 次
2015-10-14
Time-lag effects of global vegetation responses to climate change
作者:Wu, DH (Wu, Donghai)[ 1,2 ] ; Zhao, X (Zhao, Xiang)[ 1 ] ; Liang, SL (Liang, Shunlin)[ 1,3 ] ; Zhou, T (Zhou, Tao)[ 4,5,6 ] ; Huang, KC (Huang, Kaicheng)[ 4,5,6 ] ; Tang, BJ (Tang, Bijian)[ 1,2 ] ; Zhao, WQ (Zhao, Wenqian)[ 1,2 ]
GLOBAL CHANGE BIOLOGY
卷: 21  期: 9  页: 3520-3531
DOI: 10.1111/gcb.12945
出版年: SEP 2015
 
摘要
Climate conditions significantly affect vegetation growth in terrestrial ecosystems. Due to the spatial heterogeneity of ecosystems, the vegetation responses to climate vary considerably with the diverse spatial patterns and the time-lag effects, which are the most important mechanism of climate-vegetation interactive effects. Extensive studies focused on large-scale vegetation-climate interactions use the simultaneous meteorological and vegetation indicators to develop models; however, the time-lag effects are less considered, which tends to increase uncertainty. In this study, we aim to quantitatively determine the time-lag effects of global vegetation responses to different climatic factors using the GIMMS3g NDVI time series and the CRU temperature, precipitation, and solar radiation datasets. First, this study analyzed the time-lag effects of global vegetation responses to different climatic factors. Then, a multiple linear regression model and partial correlation model were established to statistically analyze the roles of different climatic factors on vegetation responses, from which the primary climate-driving factors for different vegetation types were determined. The results showed that (i) both the time-lag effects of the vegetation responses and the major climate-driving factors that significantly affect vegetation growth varied significantly at the global scale, which was related to the diverse vegetation and climate characteristics; (ii) regarding the time-lag effects, the climatic factors explained 64% variation of the global vegetation growth, which was 11% relatively higher than the model ignoring the time-lag effects; (iii) for the area with a significant change trend (for the period 1982-2008) in the global GIMMS3g NDVI (P < 0.05), the primary driving factor was temperature; and (iv) at the regional scale, the variation in vegetation growth was also related to human activities and natural disturbances. Considering the time-lag effects is quite important for better predicting and evaluating the vegetation dynamics under the background of global climate change.
 
通讯作者地址: Zhao, X (通讯作者)
Beijing Normal Univ, Sch Geog, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China.
地址:
[ 1 ] Beijing Normal Univ, Sch Geog, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
[ 2 ] Beijing Normal Univ, Coll Global Change & Earth Syst Sci, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
[ 3 ] Univ Maryland, Dept Geog Sci, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
[ 4 ] Beijing Normal Univ, State Key Lab Earth Surface Proc & Resource Ecol, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
[ 5 ] Minist Civil Affairs, Acad Disaster Reduct & Emergency Management, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
[ 6 ] Minist Educ, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China