Lou, Hezhen等:Phosphorus risk in an intensive agricultural area in a mid-high latitude region of China
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Phosphorus risk in an intensive agricultural area in a mid-high latitude region of China
作者:Lou, HZ (Lou, Hezhen)[ 1 ] ; Yang, ST (Yang, Shengtian)[ 1 ] ; Zhao, CS (Zhao, Changsen)[ 1 ] ; Zhou, QW (Zhou, Qiuwen)[ 1,4 ] ; Bai, J (Bai, Juan)[ 3 ] ; Hao, FH (Hao, Fanghua)[ 2 ] ; Wu, LN (Wu, Linna)[ 1,5 ]
卷: 127  页: 46-55
DOI: 10.1016/j.catena.2014.12.013
出版年: APR 2015
The content and status of phosphorus (P) in agricultural soil have become critical environmental concerns because of the risk of excessive P reaching adjacent water bodies through leaching or runoff. The Sanjiang Plain, an important commercial grain base, is the largest swampy low plain in a mid-high-latitude region in China. The increasing risk of P leaching threatens the area's ecology and agricultural security, particularly because there have been more than 60 years of build-up of P in the soil as a result of intensive agricultural development. A remote sensing-driven model was used in this study to simulate the total phosphorus in the Sanjiang Plain soil from 2000 to 2010. A grid-random sampling method was employed to test the validity of the model in a typical in situ experimental area. Meanwhile, spatial analysis methods were used to analyze model outputs. The results show a significantly increasing trend in the area with higher concentrations of P in the Sanjiang Plain, phosphorus accumulation in the soil and an increasing area at risk of phosphorus leaching; among all land use types, cultivated land and water bodies were observed to have a higher phosphorus risk. We conclude that the growth in farmland converted from forest or wetland and the use of excessive fertilization to maintain high crop productivity are the two principal factors resulting in the growing concentration of soil P. The risk of higher phosphorus in the study area will pose a serious threat to the quality of both surface and ground water, which has important ramifications for future agricultural management and non-point source control in this agricultural area of the mid-high latitude region. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
通讯作者地址: Zhao, CS (通讯作者)
Beijing Normal Univ, Sch Geog, 19 XinJieKouWai St, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China.
[ 1 ] Beijing Normal Univ, Sch Geog, Beijing Key Lab Remote Sensing Environm & Digital, State Key Lab Remote Sensing Sci, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
[ 2 ] Sch Environm, State Key Joint Lab Environm Simulat & Pollut Con, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
[ 3 ] Shanxi Normal Univ, Coll Urban & Environm Sci, Linfen 041000, Peoples R China
[ 4 ] Guizhou Normal Univ, Sch Geog & Environm Sci, Guiyang 550001, Peoples R China
[ 5 ] Guizhou Univ, Coll Resource & Environm Engn, Guiyang 550025, Guizhou, Peoples R China